Editor, Daveed Fakheri
سردبیر داوید فاخری
English, September 4 . 2010
Iranian, Shahrivar 13 . 1389
Hebrew Israeli, Elul 29 . 5770
Rembrandt, Moses with the Tablets, 1659
Text with Rashi's commentary
ט. אַתֶּם נִצָּבִים הַיּוֹם כֻּלְּכֶם לִפְנֵי יְ־הֹוָ־ה אֱלֹהֵיכֶם רָאשֵׁיכֶם שִׁבְטֵיכֶם זִקְנֵיכֶם וְשֹׁטְרֵיכֶם כֹּל אִישׁ יִשְׂרָאֵל:
9. You are all standing this day before the Lord, your God the leaders of your tribes, your elders and your officers, every man of Israel,
אתם נצבים: מלמד שכנסם משה לפני הקב"ה ביום מותו להכניסם בברית:
You are all standing: [The verse says, “this day,” which] teaches us that on the day of his death, Moses assembled Israel in the presence of the Holy One, Blessed is He, to bring them into [His] covenant.
ראשיכם שבטיכם: ראשיכם לשבטיכם:
the leaders of your tribes: Heb. שִׁבְטֵיכֶם רָאשֵׁיכֶם, [lit., “your leaders, your tribes,” referring to two separate entities, which does not make sense here because “your tribes” includes the leaders. Rather, this means here:] “The leaders of your tribes.
זקניכם ושטריכם: החשוב חשוב קודם ואחר כך כל איש ישראל:
your elders and your officers: [We learn from the order in this verse that] the more distinguished ones were mentioned first, and after this: “every man of Israel.”
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